Belen Molleda |
Madrid (EFE) It has become popular with the emergence of ChatGPT and in which millions of users play.
The US and China lead venture capital investments in AI in OECD countries, to the point that of the slightly more than 120,000 million dollars (112,186 million euros) that were allocated in 2022, 55,000 million came from the United States and 20,000 from the Asian country.
In third place, the EU was placed, with 12,000 million dollars, according to data from the OECD AI observatory, to which EFE has had access.
In a 2023 in which layoffs in large technology companies already exceed 100,000 employees, these companies have fully immersed themselves in ChatGPT, in a resounding race in which the Chinese Alibabá and Baidu have fully entered this week, as well as American companies Alphabet and Microsoft.
Millions and millions of users already use it
ChatGPT uses a type of algorithm (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) that, trained on 300,000 million words and 570 GB (Gigabytes) of data records, makes it possible to generate responses in a chat, return live information searches, and endless of very high-impact applications, Alberto Palomo, the head of the data office (Chief Data Officer) for Spain, has informed EFE.
“The raw material of these algorithms or robot chats is in the data and it is a clear application of how to extract value from them,” he added.
Millions and millions of users have already signed up for ChatGPT, a conversational chat that broke out at the end of November and that uses a highly advanced natural language to the point of leading us to start rethinking the work model of the future.
This potential can impact services such as customer service or data management, Daniel Palacios, innovation consultant for Softtek, a Mexican company dedicated to software development, has pointed out to EFE.
OpenAI is the technology responsible for ChatGPT, a company in which Microsoft invested 1,000 million euros in July, to which it wants to add another 10,000 million recently announced. This same week this company has reported that its Bing search engine will have a version that uses the AI of ChatGPT.
Bard, the Google tool
Google, for its part, has launched something similar, Bard; Baidu (the Chinese Google) plans to do the same in March with ‘Ernie Bot’, while the latter’s main rival in the search engine sector, the company 360, will release an application of this type “as soon as possible”. .
None of the big technology companies (Alphabet, Microsoft, Apple, Amazon and Meta) have specified their investment in artificial intelligence to EFE after being asked about this matter.
According to IDC data, investment in AI in 2022 amounted to 127,472 million euros, 27.9% more than last year, and an average annual growth of 26% is expected in the next three years.
In Spain, growth has been even greater, with investment increasing by 30.7% in 2023, up to 1,006 million euros, with forecasts of an increase of 32.2% in the next three years.
In 2023, new trends
In 2023, AI trends point to an even more important development, to the point that a new version of GPT, GPT-4, is expected, which would be up to 500 times more powerful and in which the focus will be on generating natural language models added to the generation of video and humans, report sources from Wehumans, a Spanish company specialized in the development of digital humans trained with AI.
AI is not new, its term was coined more than 60 years ago, but it is currently experiencing a “second youth”, the president of the College of Computer Engineers, Fernando Suárez, told EFE.
Until now, smart speakers and mobile devices were already used, but the novelty today, with the ‘chatbots’, is that “they have been democratized”, he has indicated.