In the press conference after the Council of Ministers, the First Vice President and Minister for Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, Nadia Calviño, stressed that this rule will guarantee parity in public and private decision-making bodies and represents a “further step” in the path of gender equality, one of the “vectors that guide the action of the Government”.
The rule, which was brought to the Council of Ministers in the first round last March, obliges companies to have joint councils and management, that is, with a minimum of 40% women, something that also applies to electoral candidacies since the members of the Government, as well as the professional associations and the juries of prizes or recognitions of a public nature.
This principle of balanced representation will also affect constitutional and relevant bodies, such as the Constitutional Court, the Council of State, the Court of Accounts, the Fiscal Council and the General Council of the Judiciary.
The bodies in charge of ensuring compliance with the obligations of equal representation in listed companies and public interest entities will be the CNMV and the Women’s Institute, respectively.
Companies will have deadlines to adapt
Companies will have deadlines to adapt the law based on their size: before July 1, 2024 in the case of listed companies and until July 2026 in non-listed companies with more than 250 employees and a turnover of 50 million euros. annual business.
Within the scope of the General State Administration, the superior and managerial bodies (for example, the State secretariats, the sub-secretariats and the general directorates) of each Ministry must also incorporate this principle of “balanced representation” in the next five years, until 2028.
The obligation will extend to all state public sector entities. In the case of public interest entities, general councils and professional associations that do not meet the 40% threshold, they will have to justify the reasons and correct it.
Zipper lists must also be presented in the electoral processes and no sex must have a representation of less than 40% in the Council of Ministers.
Most of the constitutional bodies comply today with parity
The constitutional bodies should have an equal composition when the bill enters into force, but today the majority shows a balanced presence of men and women.
The Constitutional Court is currently made up of six men and five women. There is a vacancy that must be filled by the Senate, after a magistrate resigned for health reasons in July of last year.
The General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ), which has been in office for more than four years, already has four vacancies, since its president, Carlos Lesmes, resigned; one member died, another retired and a fourth left office last March. Today it has 17 members and ten are men and seven are women, thus complying with the parity rules established in the 2007 equality law.
The Court of Accounts also complies with this proportion, made up of six men and six women. The Council of State is the only constitutional body whose plenary session does not respect the aforementioned rule, since it is currently made up of twenty councilors and eleven women councillors. Women remain at 35%.
The Government has decided to also include the Fiscal Council among the bodies that must respect parity, a balance that today already meets six men and six women.
The PP affirms that behind the law there is a “bad conscience” of Sánchez
IN Seville, the general secretary of the PP, Cuca Gamarra, affirmed this Tuesday that behind the approval of the Parity Law is the “bad conscience” of the Prime Minister, Pedro Sánchez, for the “attack on women” that he believes which has meant the approval of laws such as the only yes is yes or the trans law.
Speaking to journalists after participating in a campaign event in Carmona (Seville), Gamarra stated that “behind this law is the bad conscience that Pedro Sánchez must have for what he has meant to attack women for five years at the helm of the Government of Spain, which is fundamentally reflected in these two laws”.
According to the popular leader, the law of only yes is yes has done “a lot of damage” to women and has allowed 1,079 aggressors, rapists, pedophiles and some murderers to have benefited from this rule and that more than a hundred are today in the street, so Sánchez has “reasons to have a bad conscience.”