Madrid/Valladolid (EFE).- The estimate made by the National Institute of Statistics places Castilla y León with an increase in births in 2022 of 0.77% compared to 2021, reaching 13,195, which has not compensated for the loss of population through deaths, which were 31,615, with an increase of 8.34% compared to 2021 and an absolute negative difference between both parameters of 18,420 inhabitants.
These data mean that Castilla y León registered an average of 36 births a day, compared to 86 deaths, according to the statistics published this Wednesday by the INE, on the variation in the birth rate and mortality in Spain, also with comparative data prior to the pandemic.
Regarding this last comparison, the data for 2022 leave Castilla y León with 7.87 percent fewer births than in 2019 -the latest data prior to the covid crisis- and 10.39 percent more deaths compared to that same year.
In Spain, there were 329,812 births last year, which represents a new minimum in the 81 years of this statistic collected by the INE and an average of only 903 births per day, 79 less than in each day of 2019 -before the pandemic and the first year in which that average dropped below a thousand.
4% of births in Spain
With this reference, in 2022 Castilla y León contributed 4 percent of registered births to the country as a whole, while in the case of deaths the quota rose to 6.83 percent.
These data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE) confirm that the number of births continues to decline in the country as a whole, with a reduction of 2.08% compared to 2021, which is almost four times higher, 8.07%. , compared to 2019.
In this way, only Madrid was saved from this fall last year, with 1.68% more births; Castilla y León, with 0.77% more; Asturias, 0.52% more; and the Valencian Community, 0.36% more.
On the contrary, the greatest decreases were registered in Castilla-La Mancha (-7.44%), Navarra (-6.80%) and the Canary Islands (-5.38%).
In addition, the 329,812 births are 132,558 fewer than the 462,370 deaths that, also according to INE data, occurred last year in Spain.
Madrid and Murcia save the balance
A negative difference that occurred in all communities except Madrid, with 2,136 more births than deaths; and Murcia, with 318; in addition to Melilla (377) and Ceuta (96).
The greatest difference was reached in Galicia (with 20,389 more deaths than births) and Castilla y León (18,420), ahead of more populated territories such as Andalusia (16,079), the Valencian Community (14,612) and Catalonia (14,154).
In the case of deaths, which were 3.26% more than in 2021 and 11.44% more than in 2019, they increased in all communities, with Cantabria well ahead of all the others (16.79% which multiplies the national average by five), followed by Cantabria, Castilla y León and the Canary Islands.
Only the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla recorded fewer deaths than in 2021, 10.09 and 20.03%, respectively.