Fujimori parliamentarian Hernando Guerra García, president of the Constitution Commission, presented this Wednesday a bill that proposes the holding of complementary elections in December in Peru, which implies electing a new president and deputies to complete the period that began in 2021 and concludes in 2026.
The renewed proposal with respect to the one initially presented, proposes that the authorities elected in the next elections exercise their functions until the end of July 2026, when the term of former president Pedro Castillo should end, who on December 7 was dismissed by Congress and replaced by his vice president, Dina Boluarte.
The new text presented by Guerra García indicates that the constitutional reform modifies the term of office of the president and the congressmen to incorporate that Boluarte concludes his term on April 30, 2024 and the president-elect assumes office on May 1 of that year to fulfill the constitutional period, that is, until July 28, 2026.
The current congressmen would end their term on April 29, 2024 and those elected would take office on April 30, 2024 until July 26, 2026.
The regulation does not mention the holding of a possible second presidential round, usual in Peru, nor whether, because it is a complementary election, the current legislators will be able to seek re-election, as raised by right-wing benches in recent days.
Possible early elections in Peru
During the debate on this proposal, the plenary session will seek, for the third time, to reach an agreement to advance the elections, after a rejection of the proposal for them to be held next October, and the subsequent acceptance of a request for reconsideration.
Shortly before the start of the session, the president of Congress, José Williams, assured on Twitter that “today Congress will make an important decision in the face of the political crisis” in his country, which has left 65 people dead in anti-government demonstrations that began in December. past.
«In the debate of proposals and achievement of objectives there is no win-win. Who should win is the vast majority of Peruvians », he remarked.
At the beginning of the plenary session, Guerra García assured that “countries sometimes disappear from history when they are unable to reach consensus, when they are immersed in civil war, in violence, when they bleed to death and their politicians do not know how to agree” .
“We are in that moment of the nation, in that moment of Peru, to which some have not taken us, but to which we have all taken it and that is a shared responsibility,” he emphasized.
The political scene
He added that the text he has presented includes issues collected during the meetings held with the different groups and that his purpose is to reach an agreement because his country “is bleeding to death, because we need peace as soon as possible.”
“We have sought to achieve a consensus regarding the date and the month of December 2023 has been proposed, Peruvians will elect our authorities for a complementary period in such a way that by May we can have new authorities,” he said.
The complicated Peruvian political scenario, where none of the parties has achieved majority support, has caused the plenary session to be postponed three times to hold meetings with the different benches and even the Executive.
So far, among the groups that have expressed the greatest rejection of the proposal are the ultra-conservative Renovación Popular and the centrist Acción Popular, as well as Peru Libre, the self-styled Marxist party that brought Castillo to power in 2021.
After being debated by the full parliament, the eventual approval of this project requires the support of 87 of the 130 congressmen that make up the Peruvian chamber.
If approved, the opinion must be submitted to a vote again in the next legislature, as it is a constitutional reform.